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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D. C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2014
OR
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                             to                            
Commission File Number 001-33982
LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
State of Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
84-1288730
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
12300 Liberty Boulevard
Englewood, Colorado
(Address of principal executive offices)
80112
(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (720) 875-5300
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x   No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
(do not check if
smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes o    No x
The number of outstanding shares of Liberty Interactive Corporation's common stock as of April 30, 2014 was:
 
Series A
 
Series B
Liberty Interactive common stock
461,939,684

 
28,880,870

Liberty Ventures common stock
70,799,973

 
2,885,538


 





LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)
 
March 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
 
amounts in millions
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
    Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,484

 
1,256

Trade and other receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $88 million and $89 million
1,040

 
1,274

Inventory, net
1,213

 
1,135

Short term marketable securities (note 5)
682

 
543

Other current assets
110

 
218

        Total current assets
4,529

 
4,426

Investments in available-for-sale securities and other cost investments (note 6)
1,470

 
1,501

Investments in affiliates, accounted for using the equity method (note 7)
1,244

 
1,237

Property and equipment, at cost
2,329

 
2,256

Accumulated depreciation
(1,057
)
 
(1,009
)
 
1,272

 
1,247

Intangible assets not subject to amortization (note 8):
 
 
 
    Goodwill
9,338

 
9,332

    Trademarks
4,345

 
4,343

 
13,683

 
13,675

Intangible assets subject to amortization, net (note 8)
2,352

 
2,492

Other assets, at cost, net of accumulated amortization
112

 
98

    Total assets
$
24,662

 
24,676

 
(continued)
 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
I- 1



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Continued)
(unaudited)
 
March 31,
2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
amounts in millions,
 
except share amounts
Liabilities and Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
    Accounts payable
$
724

 
660

    Accrued liabilities
746

 
998

    Current portion of debt (note 9)
983

 
978

    Deferred income tax liabilities
897

 
925

    Other current liabilities
236

 
195

        Total current liabilities
3,586

 
3,756

Long-term debt, including $2,365 million and $2,355 million measured at fair value (note 9)
6,608

 
6,406

Deferred income tax liabilities
2,831

 
2,844

Other liabilities
271

 
235

    Total liabilities
13,296

 
13,241

Equity
 

 
 

Stockholders' equity (note 10):
 

 
 

    Preferred stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 50,000,000 shares; no shares issued

 

Series A Liberty Interactive common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 4,000,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 464,806,904 shares at March 31, 2014 and 471,625,030 shares at December 31, 2013
5

 
5

Series B Liberty Interactive common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 150,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 28,884,103 shares at March 31, 2014 and 28,884,103 shares at December 31, 2013

 

Series A Liberty Ventures common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 200,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 70,786,768 shares at March 31, 2014 and 70,761,208 shares at December 31, 2013
1

 
1

Series B Liberty Ventures common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 7,500,000 shares; issued and outstanding 2,885,378 shares at March 31, 2014 and 2,885,378 shares at December 31, 2013

 

    Additional paid-in capital
948

 
1,146

    Accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of taxes
112

 
99

    Retained earnings
5,767

 
5,685

        Total stockholders' equity
6,833

 
6,936

Noncontrolling interests in equity of subsidiaries
4,533

 
4,499

    Total equity
11,366

 
11,435

Commitments and contingencies (note 11)


 


    Total liabilities and equity
$
24,662

 
24,676





See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
I- 2




LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Operations
(unaudited)

 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Revenue:
 
 
 
Net retail sales
$
2,447

 
2,434

Other revenue
281

 
230

Total revenue
2,728

 
2,664

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation shown separately below)
1,566

 
1,553

Operating, including stock-based compensation (note 3)
265

 
244

Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based compensation (note 3)
389

 
366

Depreciation and amortization
232

 
230

 
2,452

 
2,393

Operating income
276

 
271

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
    Interest expense
(99
)
 
(111
)
    Share of earnings (losses) of affiliates, net (note 7)
(2
)
 
(11
)
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net (note 5)
(25
)
 
(73
)
Other, net
8

 
(38
)
 
(118
)
 
(233
)
Earnings (loss) before income taxes
158

 
38

    Income tax (expense) benefit
(48
)
 
15

Net earnings (loss)
110

 
53

    Less net earnings (loss) attributable to the noncontrolling interests
28

 
26

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty Interactive Corporation shareholders
$
82

 
27

 
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty Interactive Corporation shareholders:
 
 
 
    Liberty Interactive common stock
$
110

 
95

    Liberty Ventures common stock
(28
)
 
(68
)
 
$
82

 
27

 
 
 
 
Basic net earnings (losses) attributable to Liberty Interactive Corporation shareholders per common share (note 4):
 
 
 
Series A and Series B Liberty Interactive common stock
$
0.22

 
0.18

Series A and Series B Liberty Ventures common stock
$
(0.38
)
 
(0.94
)
Diluted net earnings (losses) attributable to Liberty Interactive Corporation shareholders per common share (note 4):
 
 
 
Series A and Series B Liberty Interactive common stock
$
0.22

 
0.18

Series A and Series B Liberty Ventures common stock
$
(0.38
)
 
(0.94
)


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
I- 3




LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss)
(unaudited)
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
$
110

 
53

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of taxes:
 
 
 
    Foreign currency translation adjustments
25

 
(97
)
        Other comprehensive earnings (loss)
25

 
(97
)
Comprehensive earnings (loss)
135

 
(44
)
Less comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to the noncontrolling interests
40

 
11

Comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty Interactive Corporation shareholders
$
95

 
(55
)
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty Interactive Corporation shareholders:
 
 
 
Liberty Interactive common stock
$
123

 
10

Liberty Ventures common stock
(28
)
 
(65
)
 
$
95

 
(55
)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
I- 4




LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
    Net earnings (loss)
$
110

 
53

    Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
        Depreciation and amortization
232

 
230

        Stock-based compensation
42

 
42

        Cash payments for stock-based compensation
(4
)
 
(3
)
        Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
(19
)
 
(3
)
        Share of (earnings) losses of affiliates, net
2

 
11

        Cash receipts from returns on equity investments
10

 
7

        Realized and unrealized (gains) losses on financial instruments, net
25

 
73

        Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
(47
)
 
(219
)
        Other, net
1

 
11

        Changes in operating assets and liabilities
 
 
 
            Current and other assets
145

 
206

            Payables and other liabilities
29

 
(308
)
                Net cash provided (used) by operating activities
526

 
100

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Cash proceeds from dispositions of investments
25

 
37

    Investments in and loans to cost and equity investees
(18
)
 
(38
)
    Capital expended for property and equipment
(88
)
 
(59
)
Purchases of short term and other marketable securities
(310
)
 
(707
)
    Sales of short term and other marketable securities
165

 
49

    Other investing activities, net
(8
)
 
(36
)
        Net cash provided (used) by investing activities
(234
)
 
(754
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
    Borrowings of debt
1,553

 
1,387

    Repayments of debt
(1,362
)
 
(1,703
)
    Repurchases of Liberty Interactive common stock
(213
)
 
(252
)
    Minimum withholding taxes on net settlements of stock-based compensation
(26
)
 
(11
)
    Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
19

 
3

    Other financing activities, net
(35
)
 
(37
)
        Net cash provided (used) by financing activities
(64
)
 
(613
)
Effect of foreign currency exchange rates on cash

 
(23
)
            Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
228

 
(1,290
)
            Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
1,256

 
2,660

            Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
1,484

 
1,370



See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
I- 5





LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statement Of Equity
(unaudited)
Three months ended March 31, 2014
 
Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liberty
Interactive
 
Liberty
Ventures
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive earnings
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interest in equity of subsidiaries
 
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
Series A
 
Series B
 
Series A
 
Series B
 
Additional paid-in capital
 
 
Retained Earnings
 
 
Total equity
 
amounts in millions
Balance at January 1, 2014
$

 
5

 

 
1

 

 
1,146

 
99

 
5,685

 
4,499

 
11,435

    Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
82

 
28

 
110

    Other comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 
13

 

 
12

 
25

    Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 
25

 

 

 
14

 
39

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options

 

 

 

 

 
2

 

 

 

 
2

Series A Liberty Interactive stock repurchases

 

 

 

 

 
(213
)
 

 

 

 
(213
)
Shares issued by subsidiary

 

 

 

 

 
(5
)
 

 

 
5

 

Minimum withholding taxes on net share settlements of stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 
(26
)
 

 

 

 
(26
)
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 
19

 

 

 

 
19

    Distribution to noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(25
)
 
(25
)
Balance at March 31, 2014
$

 
5

 

 
1

 

 
948

 
112

 
5,767

 
4,533

 
11,366


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
I- 6




LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(1)
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Liberty Interactive Corporation and its controlled subsidiaries (collectively, "Liberty" or the "Company" unless the context otherwise requires). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Liberty, through its ownership of interests in subsidiaries and other companies, is primarily engaged in the video and on-line commerce industries in North America, Europe and Asia.
The accompanying (a) condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2013, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and (b) the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods have been included. Additionally, certain prior period amounts have been reclassified for comparability with current period presentation. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in Liberty's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Liberty considers (i) fair value measurement, (ii) accounting for income taxes, (iii) assessments of other-than-temporary declines in fair value of its investments and (iv) estimates of retail-related adjustments and allowances to be its most significant estimates.
Liberty holds investments that are accounted for using the equity method. Liberty does not control the decision making process or business management practices of these affiliates. Accordingly, Liberty relies on management of these affiliates to provide it with accurate financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP that Liberty uses in the application of the equity method. In addition, Liberty relies on audit reports that are provided by the affiliates' independent auditors on the financial statements of such affiliates. The Company is not aware, however, of any errors in or possible misstatements of the financial information provided by its equity affiliates that would have a material effect on Liberty's condensed consolidated financial statements.
Liberty has entered into certain agreements with Liberty Media Corporation ("LMC"), a separate publicly traded company, neither of which has any stock ownership, beneficial or otherwise, in the other, in order to govern relationships between the companies. These agreements include a Reorganization Agreement, Services Agreement, Facilities Sharing Agreement and Tax Sharing Agreement.
The Reorganization Agreement provides for, among other things, provisions governing the relationship between Liberty and LMC, including certain cross-indemnities. Pursuant to the Services Agreement, LMC provides Liberty with certain general and administrative services including legal, tax, accounting, treasury and investor relations support. Liberty reimburses LMC for direct, out-of-pocket expenses incurred by LMC in providing these services and for Liberty's allocable portion of costs associated with any shared services or personnel based on an estimated percentage of time spent providing services to Liberty. Under the Facilities Sharing Agreement, LMC shares office space and related amenities at its corporate headquarters with Liberty. Under these various agreements, approximately $3 million and $4 million were reimbursable to LMC for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The Tax Sharing Agreement provides for the allocation and indemnification of tax liabilities and benefits between Liberty and Starz and other agreements related to tax matters.



I- 7



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


On October 10, 2013, Liberty announced that its board has authorized management to pursue a plan to recapitalize its Interactive Group tracking stock into two new tracking stocks, one (currently the Liberty Interactive common stock) to be renamed the QVC Group common stock and the other to be designated as the Liberty Digital Commerce common stock. The Digital Commerce Group would have attributed to it Liberty's subsidiaries Provide Commerce, Inc. ("Provide"), Backcountry.com, Inc. ("Backcountry"), Bodybuilding.com, LLC ("Bodybuilding"), CommerceHub and the Evite.com business, which is currently a part of Liberty's subsidiary Celebrate Interactive Holdings, LLC ("Celebrate"), along with cash and certain liabilities. The QVC Group, which is currently known as the Interactive Group, would have attributed to it Liberty’s subsidiary QVC, Inc. and its approximate 38% interest in HSN, Inc., along with cash and certain liabilities. Management continues to review the proposed recapitalization and no assurance can be given as to when or if the transaction will be completed. 

Additionally, on October 10, 2013, Liberty announced that its board has also authorized management to pursue a plan to spin-off to holders of its Liberty Ventures common stock shares of a newly formed company called Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. (“Trip Holdings”). Trip Holdings would be comprised of, among other things, Liberty’s 22% economic and 57% voting interest in TripAdvisor, as well as Liberty’s Celebrate retail business, which is currently a part of Liberty's subsidiary Celebrate, and an anticipated initial corporate level net debt balance of $350 million.

(2)   Tracking Stocks
A tracking stock is a type of common stock that the issuing company intends to reflect or "track" the economic performance of a particular business or "group," rather than the economic performance of the company as a whole. Liberty has two tracking stocks—Liberty Interactive common stock and Liberty Ventures common stock, which are intended to track and reflect the economic performance of the Interactive Group and Ventures Group, respectively. While the Interactive Group and the Ventures Group have separate collections of businesses, assets and liabilities attributed to them, no group is a separate legal entity and therefore cannot own assets, issue securities or enter into legally binding agreements. Holders of tracking stocks have no direct claim to the group's stock or assets and are not represented by separate boards of directors. Instead, holders of tracking stock are stockholders of the parent corporation, with a single board of directors and subject to all of the risks and liabilities of the parent corporation.
The term "Ventures Group" does not represent a separate legal entity, rather it represents those businesses, assets and liabilities that have been attributed to that group. The Ventures Group is primarily comprised of TripAdvisor, a consolidated subsidiary, and interests in Expedia, Inc., Interval Leisure Group, Inc., Tree.com, Inc., investments in Time Warner Inc. and Time Warner Cable Inc., as well as cash and cash equivalents of approximately $802 million (at March 31, 2014). The Ventures Group also has attributed to it certain liabilities related to our corporate indebtedness (see note 9) and certain deferred tax liabilities. The Ventures Group is primarily focused on the maximization of the value of these investments and investing in new business opportunities.
The term "Interactive Group" does not represent a separate legal entity, rather it represents those businesses, assets and liabilities that have been attributed to that group. The Interactive Group is primarily focused on video and e-commerce operating businesses and has attributed to it the remainder of Liberty's businesses and assets, including operating subsidiaries QVC, Inc. ("QVC"), Provide, Backcountry, Bodybuilding, Celebrate and CommerceHub as well as interests in HSN, Inc., and cash and cash equivalents of approximately $682 million (at March 31, 2014), which includes subsidiary cash. The Interactive Group has attributed to it liabilities that reside with QVC and the other entities listed as well as certain liabilities related to our corporate indebtedness (see note 9) and certain deferred tax liabilities.
See Exhibit 99.1 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for unaudited attributed financial information for Liberty's tracking stock groups.


I- 8



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


(3) Stock-Based Compensation
The Company has granted to certain of its directors, employees and employees of its subsidiaries stock appreciation rights ("SARs"), restricted stock grants and options to purchase shares of Liberty common stock (collectively, "Awards"). The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an equity classified Award (such as stock options and restricted stock grants) based on the grant-date fair value of the Award, and recognizes that cost over the period during which the employee is required to provide service (usually the vesting period of the Award). The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for a liability classified Award (such as stock appreciation rights that will be settled in cash) based on the current fair value of the Award, and remeasures the fair value of the Award at each reporting date.
Included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations are the following amounts of stock-based compensation, a portion of which relates to TripAdvisor as discussed below:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
(amounts in millions)
Operating expense
$
7

 
8

Selling, general and administrative expense
35

 
34

 
$
42

 
42

During the three months ended March 31, 2014, Liberty granted, primarily to QVC employees, 1.8 million options to purchase shares of Series A Liberty Interactive common stock. Such options had a weighted average grant-date fair value of $12.06 per share and vest semi-annually over the 4 year vesting period.
The Company has calculated the grant-date fair value for all of its equity classified Awards and any subsequent remeasurement of its liability classified Awards using the Black-Scholes Model. The Company estimates the expected term of the Awards based on historical exercise and forfeiture data. The volatility used in the calculation for Awards is based on the historical volatility of Liberty's stock and the implied volatility of publicly traded Liberty options. The Company uses a zero dividend rate and the risk-free rate for Treasury Bonds with a term similar to that of the subject options.
Liberty—Outstanding Awards
The following tables present the number and weighted average exercise price ("WAEP") of the Awards to purchase Liberty Interactive and Liberty Ventures common stock granted to certain officers, employees and directors of the Company.
 
Liberty Interactive
 
Series A (000's)
 
WAEP
 
Weighted
average
remaining
life
 
Aggregate
intrinsic
value
(millions)
Outstanding at January 1, 2014
30,607

 
$
17.98

 
 
 
 
Granted
1,810

 
$
29.21

 
 
 
 
Exercised
(1,522
)
 
$
14.91

 
 
 
 
Forfeited/Cancelled
(88
)
 
$
20.30

 
 
 
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2014
30,807

 
$
18.78

 
5.1 years
 
$312
Exercisable at March 31, 2014
13,700

 
$
16.69

 
4.4 years
 
$167


I- 9



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)



 
Liberty Ventures
 
Series A (000's)
 
WAEP
 
Weighted
average
remaining
life
 
Aggregate
intrinsic
value
(millions)
Outstanding at January 1, 2014
1,932

 
$
28.71

 
 
 
 
Granted
1

 
$
73.05

 
 
 
 
Exercised
(80
)
 
$
25.94

 
 
 
 
Forfeited/Cancelled

 
$

 
 
 
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2014
1,853

 
$
28.84

 
4.9 years
 
$67
Exercisable at March 31, 2014
913

 
$
27.91

 
4.6 years
 
$34
There was no activity during the period for the outstanding Series B awards.
As of March 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested Liberty outstanding equity Awards was approximately $146 million, including compensation associated with the option exchange that occurred in December 2012. Such amount will be recognized in the Company's consolidated statements of operations over a weighted average period of approximately 2.0 years.
TripAdvisor - Stock-based Compensation
TripAdvisor has outstanding options and restricted stock which are exercisable into their common stock. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, TripAdvisor issued approximately 477 thousand of primarily service based stock options under their 2011 Incentive Plan with a weighted average exercise price per option of $96.62 and a weighted average estimated grant-date fair value per option of $47.36. Approximately 599 thousand equity awards were exercised during the period at a weighted average exercise price of $34.63. As of March 31, 2014, TripAdvisor has 9.3 million options outstanding of which 4.2 million are exercisable with weighted average exercise prices of $43.40 and $31.54, respectively. The aggregate intrinsic value of these outstanding and exercisable options was $440 million and $247 million, respectively. TripAdvisor stock-based compensation for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was approximately $17 million and $17 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested TripAdvisor stock options was approximately $110 million and will be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 3.2 years.
Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2014, TripAdvisor granted approximately 460 thousand service based RSUs under their 2011 Incentive Plan for which the fair value was measured based on the quoted price of TripAdvisor common stock at the date of grant. As of March 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to 1.3 million unvested TripAdvisor RSUs was approximately $62 million and will be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 3.4 years.
Other
Certain of the Company's other subsidiaries have stock based compensation plans under which employees and non-employees are granted options or similar stock based awards. Awards made under these plans vest and become exercisable over various terms. The awards and compensation recorded, if any, under these plans is not significant to Liberty.


I- 10



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


(4)
Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share
Basic earnings (loss) per common share ("EPS") is computed by dividing net earnings (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS presents the dilutive effect on a per share basis of potential common shares as if they had been converted at the beginning of the periods presented.
Series A and Series B Liberty Interactive Common Stock
Excluded from diluted EPS, for the three months ended March 31, 2014, are 2 million potential common shares because their inclusion would be antidilutive.
 
Liberty Interactive Common Stock
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2014
 
Three months ended March 31, 2013
 
number of shares in millions
Basic EPS
494

 
535

  Potentially dilutive shares
10

 
7

Diluted EPS
504

 
542

Series A and Series B Liberty Ventures Common Stock
As discussed in note 10, Liberty completed a two for one stock split on April 11, 2014 therefore all prior period outstanding share amounts have been retroactively adjusted for comparability. Excluded from diluted EPS, for the three months ended March 31, 2014, are less than a million potential common shares because their inclusion would be antidilutive.
 
Liberty Ventures Common Stock
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2014
 
Three months ended March 31, 2013
 
number of shares in millions
Basic EPS
73

 
72

  Potentially dilutive shares
1

 

Diluted EPS
74

 
72



I- 11



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


(5) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value
For assets and liabilities required to be reported at fair value, GAAP provides a hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted market prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.
The Company's assets and liabilities measured at fair value are as follows:
 
Fair Value Measurements at
March 31, 2014
 
Fair Value Measurements at
December 31, 2013
Description
Total
 
Quoted prices
in active markets
for identical assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
 
Total
 
Quoted prices
in active markets
for identical assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
 
amounts in millions
Cash equivalents
$
1,055

 
1,055

 

 
918

 
$
918

 
$

Short term marketable securities
$
682

 
95

 
587

 
543

 
$
62

 
$
481

Available-for-sale securities
$
1,466

 
1,037

 
429

 
1,497

 
$
1,047

 
$
450

Debt
$
2,365

 

 
2,365

 
2,355

 
$

 
$
2,355

The majority of the Company's Level 2 financial assets and liabilities are debt instruments with quoted market prices that are not considered to be traded on "active markets," as defined in GAAP.
Realized and Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Financial Instruments
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments are comprised of changes in the fair value of the following:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Fair Value Option Securities
$
(10
)
 
224

Exchangeable senior debentures
(15
)
 
(310
)
Other financial instruments

 
13

 
$
(25
)
 
(73
)





I- 12



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


(6) Investments in Available-for-Sale Securities and Other Cost Investments
All marketable equity and debt securities held by the Company are classified as available-for-sale ("AFS") and are carried at fair value based on quoted market prices. GAAP permits entities to choose to measure many financial instruments, such as AFS securities, and certain other items at fair value and to recognize the changes in fair value of such instruments in the entity's statement of operations (the "fair value option"). In prior years, Liberty entered into economic hedges for certain of its non-strategic AFS securities (although such instruments were not accounted for as fair value hedges by the Company). Changes in the fair value of these economic hedges were reflected in Liberty's statements of operations as unrealized gains (losses). In order to better match the changes in fair value of the subject AFS securities and the changes in fair value of the corresponding economic hedges in the Company's financial statements, Liberty elected the fair value option for those of its AFS securities which it considered to be non-strategic ("Fair Value Option Securities"). Accordingly, changes in the fair value of Fair Value Option Securities, as determined by quoted market prices, are reported in realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Investments in AFS securities, the majority of which are considered Fair Value Option Securities, and other cost investments are summarized as follows:
 
March 31,
2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
amounts in millions
Interactive Group
 
 
 
    Other cost investments
$
4

 
4

        Total attributed Interactive Group
4

 
4

Ventures Group
 
 
 
    Time Warner Inc.
287

 
306

    Time Warner Cable Inc.
750

 
741

    TripAdvisor AFS securities
284

 
188

    Other AFS investments
145

 
262

     Total attributed Ventures Group
1,466

 
1,497

Consolidated Liberty
$
1,470

 
1,501




I- 13



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


(7)
Investments in Affiliates Accounted for Using the Equity Method
Liberty has various investments accounted for using the equity method. The following table includes Liberty's carrying amount, fair value, and percentage ownership of the more significant investments in affiliates at March 31, 2014 and the carrying amount at December 31, 2013:
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
Percentage
ownership
 
Fair value (Level 1)
 
Carrying
amount
 
Carrying
amount
 
 
 
dollars in millions
Interactive Group
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    HSN, Inc.
38
%
 
$
1,196

 
$
311

 
293

    Other
various

 
NA

 
51

 
50

        Total Interactive Group
 
 
 
 
362

 
343

Ventures Group
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Expedia, Inc.
18
%
 
1,673

 
467

 
477

    Other
various

 
NA

 
415

 
417

        Total Ventures Group
 
 
 
 
882

 
894

Consolidated Liberty
 

 
 

 
$
1,244

 
1,237

The following table presents Liberty's share of earnings (losses) of affiliates:
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Interactive Group
 
 
 
    HSN, Inc.
$
22

 
20

    Other
(1
)
 
(4
)
        Total Interactive Group
21

 
16

Ventures Group
 
 
 
    Expedia, Inc.
(6
)
 
(20
)
    Other
(17
)
 
(7
)
        Total Ventures Group
(23
)
 
(27
)
Consolidated Liberty
$
(2
)
 
(11
)





I- 14



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


(8) Intangible Assets
Goodwill
Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill are as follows:
 
QVC
 
E-commerce
 
TripAdvisor
 
Total
 
amounts in millions
Balance at January 1, 2014
$
5,312

 
560

 
3,460

 
9,332

Foreign currency translation adjustments
10

 

 

 
10

Other

 
(4
)
 

 
(4
)
Balance at March 31, 2014
$
5,322

 
556

 
3,460

 
9,338

Intangible Assets Subject to Amortization
Amortization expense for intangible assets with finite useful lives was $190 million and $192 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Based on its amortizable intangible assets as of March 31, 2014, Liberty expects that amortization expense will be as follows for the next five years (amounts in millions):
Remainder of 2014
$
561

2015
$
665

2016
$
550

2017
$
374

2018
$
80



I- 15



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


(9) Long-Term Debt
Debt is summarized as follows:
 
 
Outstanding principal at March 31, 2014
 
Carrying value
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
amounts in millions
Interactive Group
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate level notes and debentures
 
 
 
 
 
 
8.5% Senior Debentures due 2029
$
287

 
285

 
285

 
8.25% Senior Debentures due 2030
504

 
501

 
501

 
1% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2043
400

 
422

 
423

Subsidiary level notes and facilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
QVC 7.5% Senior Secured Notes due 2019
769

 
761

 
761

 
QVC 3.125% Senior Secured Notes due 2019
400

 
399

 

 
QVC 7.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2020
500

 
500

 
500

 
QVC 5.125% Senior Secured Notes due 2022
500

 
500

 
500

 
QVC 4.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2023
750

 
750

 
750

 
QVC 4.850% Senior Secured Notes due 2024
600

 
600

 

 
QVC 5.95% Senior Secured Notes due 2043
300

 
300

 
300

 
QVC Bank Credit Facilities
124

 
124

 
922

 
Other subsidiary debt
145

 
145

 
141

     Total Interactive Group
$
5,279

 
5,287

 
5,083

Ventures Group
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate level debentures
 
 
 
 
 
 
4% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2029
$
439

 
284

 
284

 
3.75% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2030
438

 
276

 
270

 
3.5% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2031
359

 
316

 
316

 
0.75% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2043
850

 
1,067

 
1,062

Subsidiary level facilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
TripAdvisor Debt Facilities
361

 
361

 
369

     Total Ventures Group debt
$
2,447

 
2,304

 
2,301

 
Total consolidated Liberty debt
$
7,726

 
7,591

 
7,384

 
Less current classification
 

 
(983
)
 
(978
)
 
Total long-term debt
 
 
$
6,608

 
6,406

QVC Senior Secured Notes
On March 18, 2014, QVC, Inc. ("QVC"), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Liberty Interactive Corporation, issued $400 million principal amount of new 3.125% senior secured notes due 2019 at an issue price of 99.828% and $600 million principal amount of new 4.85% senior secured notes due 2024 at an issue price of 99.927% (collectively, the “Notes”). The Notes are secured by a first-priority lien on the capital stock of QVC, which is the same collateral that secures QVC's existing secured indebtedness. The net proceeds from the offering was used to repay indebtedness


I- 16



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


under QVC’s senior secured credit facility and for working capital and other general corporate purposes. QVC was in compliance with all of its debt covenants related to its outstanding senior secured notes at March 31, 2014.
QVC Bank Credit Facilities
The interest rate on borrowings outstanding under the QVC Bank Credit Facilities was 1.9% at March 31, 2014. Availability under the QVC Amended and Restated Credit Agreement at March 31, 2014 was $1,876 million. QVC was in compliance with all debt covenants related to the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement at March 31, 2014.
Exchangeable Senior Debentures
Liberty has elected to account for the exchangeable senior debentures using the fair value option. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of these instruments are recognized as unrealized gains (losses) in the statements of operations. Liberty will review the terms of the debentures on a quarterly basis to determine whether a triggering event has occurred to require current classification of the exchangeables upon a call event. As of March 31, 2014 the balance of the 4% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2029, the 3.75% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2030 and the 3.5% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2031 have been classified as current.
Other Subsidiary Debt
Other subsidiary debt at March 31, 2014 is comprised of capitalized satellite transponder lease obligations and bank debt of certain subsidiaries.
Fair Value of Debt
Liberty estimates the fair value of its debt based on the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or on the current rate offered to Liberty for debt of the same remaining maturities (Level 2). The fair value of Liberty's publicly traded debt securities that are not reported at fair value in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2014 are as follows (amounts in millions):
Senior debentures
$
869

QVC senior secured notes
$
3,946

Due to the variable rate nature, Liberty believes that the carrying amount of its other debt, not discussed above, approximated fair value at March 31, 2014.
(10) Stockholders' Equity
As of March 31, 2014, Liberty reserved for issuance upon exercise of outstanding stock options approximately 30.8 million shares of Series A Liberty Interactive common stock, 432 thousand shares of Series B Liberty Interactive common stock, 1.9 million shares of Series A Liberty Ventures common stock and 44 thousand shares of Series B Liberty Ventures common stock.
In addition to the Series A and Series B Liberty Interactive and Liberty Ventures common stock there are 4 billion shares of Series C Liberty Interactive and 200 million shares of Series C Liberty Ventures common stock authorized for issuance. As of March 31, 2014, no shares of any Series C Liberty Interactive or Liberty Ventures common stock were issued or outstanding.
On February 27, 2014, Liberty's board approved a two for one stock split of Series A and Series B Liberty Ventures common stock, effected by means of a dividend. The stock split was done in order to bring Liberty into compliance with a Nasdaq listing requirement regarding the minimum number of publicly held shares of the Series B Liberty Ventures common stock. In the stock split, a dividend was paid on April 11, 2014 of one share of Series A or Series B Liberty Ventures common stock to holders of each share of Series A or Series B Liberty Ventures common


I- 17



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


stock, respectively, held by them as of 5:00 pm, New York City time, on April 4, 2014. Due to the Liberty Ventures common stock split being completed prior to the issuance of these financial statements the stock split was recorded retroactively for all periods presented.

(11) Commitments and Contingencies
Litigation
Liberty has contingent liabilities related to legal and tax proceedings and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Although it is reasonably possible Liberty may incur losses upon conclusion of such matters, an estimate of any loss or range of loss cannot be made. In the opinion of management, it is expected that amounts, if any, which may be required to satisfy such contingencies will not be material in relation to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
(12) Information About Liberty's Operating Segments
Liberty, through its ownership interests in subsidiaries and other companies, is primarily engaged in the video and on-line commerce industries. Liberty identifies its reportable segments as (A) those consolidated subsidiaries that represent 10% or more of its consolidated annual revenue, annual Adjusted OIBDA or total assets and (B) those equity method affiliates whose share of earnings represent 10% or more of Liberty's annual pre-tax earnings.
Liberty evaluates performance and makes decisions about allocating resources to its operating segments based on financial measures such as revenue, Adjusted OIBDA, gross margin, average sales price per unit, number of units shipped and revenue or sales per customer equivalent. In addition, Liberty reviews nonfinancial measures such as unique website visitors, conversion rates and active customers, as appropriate.
Liberty defines Adjusted OIBDA as revenue less cost of sales, operating expenses, and selling, general and administrative expenses excluding all stock-based compensation. Liberty believes this measure is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of its businesses, including each business's ability to service debt and fund capital expenditures. In addition, this measure allows management to view operating results and perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking between businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. This measure of performance excludes depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation and restructuring and impairment charges that are included in the measurement of operating income pursuant to GAAP. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. Liberty generally accounts for intersegment sales and transfers as if the sales or transfers were to third parties, that is, at current prices.
For the three months ended March 31, 2014, Liberty has identified the following consolidated subsidiaries as its reportable segments:
QVC - consolidated subsidiary that markets and sells a wide variety of consumer products in the United States and several foreign countries, primarily by means of its televised shopping programs and via the Internet through its domestic and international websites and mobile applications.
TripAdvisor, Inc. - a consolidated subsidiary that is an online travel research company that empowers users to plan and maximize their travel experience.
Additionally, for presentation purposes, Liberty is providing financial information of the E-commerce businesses on an aggregated basis. The consolidated E-commerce businesses do not contribute significantly to the overall operations of Liberty on an individual basis; however, Liberty believes that on an aggregated basis they provide relevant information for users of these financial statements. While these businesses may not meet the aggregation criteria under relevant accounting literature Liberty believes the information is relevant and helpful for a more complete understanding of the consolidated results.


I- 18



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


E-commerce - the aggregation of certain consolidated subsidiaries that market and sell a wide variety of consumer products via the Internet. Categories of consumer products include perishable and personal gift offerings (Provide Commerce, Inc.), active lifestyle gear and clothing (Backcountry.com, Inc.), fitness and health goods (Bodybuilding.com, LLC), celebration offerings from invitations to costumes (Celebrate Interactive Holdings LLC) and a drop-ship solutions company (CommerceHub).
Liberty's operating segments are strategic business units that offer different products and services. They are managed separately because each segment requires different technologies, distribution channels and marketing strategies. The accounting policies of the segments that are also consolidated subsidiaries are the same as those described in the Company's summary of significant accounting policies in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Performance Measures
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
Revenue
 
Adjusted
OIBDA
 
Revenue
 
Adjusted
OIBDA
 
amounts in millions
Interactive Group
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
QVC
$
1,986

 
412

 
1,974

 
404

E-commerce
461

 
23

 
460

 
39

Corporate and other

 
(4
)
 

 
(6
)
Total Interactive Group
2,447

 
431

 
2,434

 
437

Ventures Group
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TripAdvisor, Inc.
281

 
122

 
230

 
109

Corporate and other

 
(3
)
 

 
(3
)
Total Ventures Group
281

 
119

 
230

 
106

Consolidated Liberty
$
2,728

 
550

 
2,664

 
543


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 












I- 19



LIBERTY INTERACTIVE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


Other Information
 
March 31, 2014
 
Total
assets
 
Investments
in
affiliates
 
Capital
expenditures
 
amounts in millions
Interactive Group
 
 
 
 
 
QVC
$
12,898

 
51

 
29

E-commerce
1,212

 

 
12

Corporate and other
470

 
311

 

Total Interactive Group
14,580

 
362

 
41

Ventures Group
 
 
 
 
 
TripAdvisor
7,151

 

 
47

Corporate and other
3,090

 
882

 

Total Ventures Group
10,241

 
882

 
47

Inter-group eliminations
(159
)
 

 

Consolidated Liberty
$
24,662

 
1,244

 
88

The following table provides a reconciliation of segment Adjusted OIBDA to earnings (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Consolidated segment Adjusted OIBDA
$
550

 
543

  Stock-based compensation
(42
)
 
(42
)
  Depreciation and amortization
(232
)
 
(230
)
  Interest expense
(99
)
 
(111
)
  Share of earnings (loss) of affiliates, net
(2
)
 
(11
)
  Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net
(25
)
 
(73
)
  Other, net
8

 
(38
)
Earnings (loss) before income taxes
$
158

 
38



I- 20



Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Certain statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding our business, product and marketing strategies; new service offerings; the proposed creation of the QVC Group and Liberty Digital Commerce Group tracking stocks; the proposed spin-off of our interest in TripAdvisor, Inc.; revenue growth at QVC, Inc. ("QVC"); the recoverability of our goodwill and other long-lived assets; our projected sources and uses of cash; and the anticipated non-material impact of certain contingent liabilities related to legal and tax proceedings and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Where, in any forward-looking statement, we express an expectation or belief as to future results or events, such expectation or belief is expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that the expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. The following include some but not all of the factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated:
customer demand for our products and services and our ability to adapt to changes in demand;
competitor responses to our products and services;
increased digital TV penetration and the impact on channel positioning of our networks;
the levels of online traffic to our businesses' websites and our ability to convert visitors into customers or contributors;
uncertainties inherent in the development and integration of new business lines and business strategies;
our future financial performance, including availability, terms and deployment of capital;
our ability to successfully integrate and recognize anticipated efficiencies and benefits from the businesses we acquire;
the ability of suppliers and vendors to deliver products, equipment, software and services;
the outcome of any pending or threatened litigation;
availability of qualified personnel;
changes in, or failure or inability to comply with, government regulations, including, without limitation, regulations of the Federal Communications Commission, and adverse outcomes from regulatory proceedings;
changes in the nature of key strategic relationships with partners, distributors, suppliers and vendors;
general economic and business conditions and industry trends;
consumer spending levels, including the availability and amount of individual consumer debt;
advertising spending levels;
changes in distribution and viewing of television programming, including the expanded deployment of personal video recorders, video on demand and IP television and their impact on home shopping programs;
rapid technological changes;
failure to protect the security of personal information about our customers, subjecting us to costly government enforcement actions or private litigation and reputational damage;
the regulatory and competitive environment of the industries in which we operate;
threatened terrorist attacks and ongoing military action in the Middle East and other parts of the world; and
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and political unrest in international markets.


I- 21



For additional risk factors, please see Part I, Item 1 of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. These forward-looking statements and such risks, uncertainties and other factors speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein, to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto, or any other change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.
The following discussion and analysis provides information concerning our results of operations and financial condition. This discussion should be read in conjunction with our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Overview
We own controlling and non-controlling interests in a broad range of video and on-line commerce companies. Our largest business, which is also our principal reportable segment, is QVC, Inc. ("QVC"). QVC markets and sells a wide variety of consumer products in the United States and several foreign countries, primarily by means of its televised shopping programs and via the Internet through its domestic and international websites and mobile applications. We also own a controlling interest in TripAdvisor, Inc. ("TripAdvisor"), a separate reportable segment, which is an online travel company that empowers users to plan and maximize their travel experience by aggregating reviews and opinions of members about destinations, accommodations, restaurants and activities throughout the world. Additionally, we own entire or majority interests in consolidated subsidiaries which operate on-line commerce businesses in a broad range of retail categories. The more significant of these include Backcountry.com, Inc. ("Backcountry"), Bodybuilding.com, LLC ("Bodybuilding"), Celebrate Interactive Holdings, LLC ("Celebrate"), Provide Commerce, Inc. ("Provide") and CommerceHub. Backcountry operates websites offering sports gear and clothing for outdoor and active individuals in a variety of categories. Bodybuilding manages websites related to sports nutrition, body building and fitness. Celebrate operates websites that offer costumes, accessories, décor, party supplies and invitations. Provide operates an e-commerce marketplace of websites for perishable goods, including flowers, fruits and desserts, as well as upscale personalized gifts. CommerceHub operates a drop-ship solution which allows different software systems from both sides of the transaction to more easily access the data necessary to fulfill orders.
Our "Corporate and Other" category includes our corporate ownership interests in other unconsolidated businesses and corporate expenses. We hold ownership interests in Expedia, Inc., HSN, Inc., Interval Leisure Group, Inc. and Tree.com, Inc. which we account for as equity method investments; and we continue to maintain investments and related financial instruments in public companies such as Time Warner Inc. and Time Warner Cable Inc., which are accounted for at their respective fair market values and are included in "Corporate and Other."
The term "Ventures Group" does not represent a separate legal entity, rather it represents those businesses, assets and liabilities that have been attributed to that group. The Ventures Group is comprised primarily of our consolidated subsidiary TripAdvisor and interests in Expedia, Inc., Interval Leisure Group, Inc., Tree.com, Inc., investments in Time Warner Inc. and Time Warner Cable Inc., as well as cash and cash equivalents in the amount of approximately $802 million (at March 31, 2014). The Ventures Group also has attributed to it certain liabilities related to our corporate level indebtedness (see note 9 in the accompanying financial statements) and certain deferred tax liabilities. The Ventures Group is primarily focused on the maximization of the value of these investments and investing in new business opportunities.
The term "Interactive Group" does not represent a separate legal entity, rather it represents those businesses, assets and liabilities that have been attributed to that group. The Interactive Group is primarily focused on our video and e-commerce operating businesses and has attributed to it the remainder of our businesses and assets, including our operating subsidiaries QVC, Provide, Backcountry, Bodybuilding, Celebrate and CommerceHub as well as our interest in HSN, Inc. and cash and cash equivalents of approximately $682 million (at March 31, 2014), including subsidiary cash. The Interactive Group has attributed to it liabilities that reside with QVC and the other entities listed as well certain liabilities related to our corporate level indebtedness (see note 9 in the accompanying financial statements) and certain deferred tax liabilities.


I- 22



Results of Operations—Consolidated
General.    We provide in the tables below information regarding our Consolidated Operating Results and Other Income and Expense, as well as information regarding the contribution to those items from our reportable segments and our E-commerce businesses. The "corporate and other" category consists of those assets or businesses which we do not disclose separately. For a more detailed discussion and analysis of the financial results of the principal reporting segments, see "Results of Operations—Businesses" below.
Operating Results
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Revenue
 
 
 
Interactive Group
 
 
 
QVC
$
1,986

 
1,974

E-commerce
461

 
460

Total Interactive Group
2,447

 
2,434

Ventures Group
 
 
 
TripAdvisor
281

 
230

Total Ventures Group
281

 
230

Consolidated Liberty
$
2,728

 
2,664

 
 
 
 
Adjusted OIBDA
 
 
 
Interactive Group
 
 
 
QVC
$
412

 
404

E-commerce
23

 
39

Corporate and other
(4
)
 
(6
)
Total Interactive Group
431

 
437

Ventures Group
 
 
 
TripAdvisor
122

 
109

Corporate and other
(3
)
 
(3
)
Total Ventures Group
119

 
106

Consolidated Liberty
$
550

 
543

 
 
 
 
Operating Income (Loss)
 
 
 
Interactive Group
 
 
 
QVC
$
260

 
260

E-commerce
(1
)
 
19

Corporate and other
(15
)
 
(19
)
Total Interactive Group
244

 
260

Ventures Group
 
 
 
TripAdvisor
36

 
15

Corporate and other
(4
)
 
(4
)
Total Ventures Group
32

 
11

Consolidated Liberty
$
276

 
271

Revenue.    Our consolidated revenue increased 2.4% or $64 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year. The three month increase was primarily due to the increased revenue at TripAdvisor ($51 million), increased revenue at QVC ($12 million) and the E-commerce companies ($1 million). See "Results of Operations—Businesses" below for a more complete discussion of the results of operations of certain of our subsidiaries.


I- 23



Adjusted OIBDA.    We define Adjusted OIBDA as revenue less cost of sales, operating expenses and selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses excluding all stock-based compensation. Our chief operating decision maker and management team use this measure of performance in conjunction with other measures to evaluate our businesses and make decisions about allocating resources among our businesses. We believe this is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of our businesses, including each business's ability to service debt and fund capital expenditures. In addition, this measure allows us to view operating results, perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking between businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. This measure of performance excludes such costs as depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation and restructuring and impairment charges that are included in the measurement of operating income pursuant to GAAP. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. See note 12 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to Earnings (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes.
Consolidated Adjusted OIBDA increased 1.3% or $7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year. The overall Adjusted OIBDA growth for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was primarily due to the increased operating results at TripAdvisor of $13 million and increased QVC results of $8 million. These increases were partially offset by a decline in the E-commerce results of $16 million. See "Results of Operations—Businesses" below for a more complete discussion of the results of operations of certain of our subsidiaries.
Stock-based compensation.    Stock-based compensation includes compensation related to (1) options and stock appreciation rights ("SARs") for shares of our common stock that are granted to certain of our officers and employees, (2) phantom stock appreciation rights ("PSARs") granted to officers and employees of certain of our subsidiaries pursuant to private equity plans and (3) amortization of restricted stock grants.
We recorded $42 million of stock-based compensation expense for each of the three month periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.
As of March 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested Liberty equity awards was approximately $146 million. Such amount will be recognized in our consolidated statements of operations over a weighted average period of approximately 2.0 years. Additionally, as of March 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested TripAdvisor stock options was approximately $110 million and will be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 3.2 years.
Operating income.    Our consolidated operating income increased 1.8% or $5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year. The overall increase in operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was due to the increased results at TripAdvisor of $21 million, a portion of which was due to reduced amortization of intangibles from purchase accounting during the period, and Corporate and other of $4 million, partially offset by the decline in operating income at the E-commerce companies of $20 million. See "Results of Operations—Businesses" below for a more complete discussion of the results of operations of certain of our subsidiaries.


I- 24



Other Income and Expense
Components of Other income (expense) are presented in the table below.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Interest expense
 
 
 
Interactive Group
$
(77
)
 
(84
)
Ventures Group
(22
)
 
(27
)
Consolidated Liberty
(99
)
 
(111
)
 
 
 
 
Share of earnings (losses) of affiliates
 
 
 
Interactive Group
21

 
16

Ventures Group
(23
)
 
(27
)
Consolidated Liberty
(2
)
 
(11
)
 
 
 
 
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net
 
 
 
Interactive Group
1

 
13

Ventures Group
(26
)
 
(86
)
Consolidated Liberty
(25
)
 
(73
)
 
 
 
 
Other, net
 
 
 
Interactive Group
1

 
(40
)
Ventures Group
7

 
2

Consolidated Liberty
8

 
(38
)
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Liberty other income (expense)
$
(118
)
 
(233
)
Interest expense.    Interest expense decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year. The decrease in the Interactive Group interest expense is attributable to the retirement of the 5.7% Senior Notes due May 2013 and the QVC 7.125% Senior Secured Notes due 2017 during 2013. The decrease in the Ventures Group interest expense is attributable to the retirement of the 3.125% exchangeable senior debentures due 2023 during 2013 and lower average borrowings on the other exchangeable senior debentures during the current year as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year. Additionally, TripAdvisor had lower average borrowings on its debt facilities during the current year as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year.
Share of earnings (losses) of affiliates.    The following table presents our share of earnings (losses) of affiliates:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Interactive Group
 
 
 
    HSN, Inc.
$
22

 
20

    Other
(1
)
 
(4
)
        Total Interactive Group
21

 
16

Ventures Group
 
 
 
    Expedia, Inc.
(6
)
 
(20
)
    Other
(17
)
 
(7
)
        Total Ventures Group
(23
)
 
(27
)
Consolidated Liberty
$
(2
)
 
(11
)


I- 25




The share of loss in the other category of the Ventures Group, in both periods, is primarily related to our investments in alternative energy solution entities. These entities typically operate at a loss and because we account for these investments as equity method affiliates we record our share of such losses. We note these entities typically have favorable tax attributes and credits which are recorded in our tax accounts.
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments.    Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments are comprised of changes in the fair value of the following:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Fair Value Option Securities
$
(10
)
 
224

Exchangeable senior debentures
(15
)
 
(310
)
Other derivatives

 
13

 
$
(25
)
 
(73
)

The changes in realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments is due to market activity through the period on the various financial instruments that are marked to market on a periodic basis.

Other, net. QVC retired approximately $355 million of its Senior Secured Notes during the three months ended
March 31, 2013. The notes were redeemed at a premium which resulted in an approximate $41 million loss on the
extinguishment of such instruments.

Income taxes.    We had an income tax expense of $48 million and an income tax benefit of $15 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Income tax amounts were lower than the U.S. statutory tax rate of 35%, in both periods, primarily due to tax credits and favorable tax attributes generated by our alternative energy investments and earnings in foreign jurisdictions subject to tax rates lower than the U.S. statutory tax rate.
Net earnings.    We had net earnings of $110 million and $53 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The change in net earnings was the result of the above-described fluctuations in our revenue, expenses and other gains and losses.
Material Changes in Financial Condition
While the Interactive Group and the Ventures Group are not separate legal entities and the assets and liabilities attributed to each group remain assets and liabilities of our consolidated company, we manage the liquidity and financial resources of each group separately. Keeping in mind that assets of one group may be used to satisfy liabilities of the other group, the following discussion assumes, consistent with management expectations, that future liquidity needs of each group will be funded by the financial resources attributed to each respective group.
As of March 31, 2014, substantially all of our cash and cash equivalents are invested in U.S. Treasury securities, other government agencies, AAA rated money market funds and other highly rated financial and corporate debt instruments.
The following are potential sources of liquidity: available cash balances, cash generated by the operating activities of our privately-owned subsidiaries (to the extent such cash exceeds the working capital needs of the subsidiaries and is not otherwise restricted), proceeds from asset sales, monetization of our public investment portfolio, debt (including availability under the QVC Bank Credit Facility) and equity issuances, and dividend and interest receipts.
During the quarter there have been no significant changes to our corporate or subsidiary debt credit ratings.


I- 26



As of March 31, 2014, Liberty's liquidity position consisted of the following:
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Marketable securities
 
Fair Value Option AFS Securities
 
 
amounts in millions
QVC
$
558

 

 

E-commerce
57

 

 

Corporate and other
67

 

 

 
Total Interactive Group
682

 

 

TripAdvisor
319

 
142

 
284

Corporate and other
483

 
540

 
1,182

 
Total Ventures Group
802

 
682

 
1,466

 
Total Liberty
$
1,484

 
682

 
1,466

To the extent that the Company recognizes any taxable gains from the sale of assets we may incur tax expense and be required to make tax payments, thereby reducing any cash proceeds. Additionally, we have borrowing capacity of $1,876 million under the QVC credit facility at March 31, 2014. The Company has a controlling interest in TripAdvisor which has significant operating cash flows, although due to TripAdvisor being a separate public company and the significant noncontrolling interest, we do not have ready access to such cash flows. As of March 31, 2014, TripAdvisor and QVC had approximately $231 million and $284 million, respectively, of cash and cash equivalents held in foreign subsidiaries.
Additionally, our operating businesses have provided, on average, more than $1 billion in annual cash provided by operating activities over the prior three years and we do not anticipate any significant reductions in that amount in future periods.
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
 
2014
 
2013
Cash Flow Information
amounts in millions
 
Net cash provided (used) by operating activities
$
526

 
100

 
Net cash provided (used) by investing activities
$
(234
)
 
(754
)
 
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities
$
(64
)
 
(613
)
During the three months ended March 31, 2014, Liberty's primary uses of cash were $1,362 million of repayments on outstanding debt, repurchases of Series A Liberty Interactive common stock of $213 million, and net purchases of short term and other marketable securities of $145 million. These activities were funded primarily from borrowings of $1,553 million, cash from the sale of investments of $25 million, cash provided by operating activities and cash on hand.
The projected uses of Liberty cash are the continued capital improvement spending of approximately $230 million in capital expenditures for the remainder of the year, approximately $250 million for interest payments on outstanding debt, the potential buyback of common stock under the approved share buyback program (subsequent to quarter end we made additional repurchases of approximately 2.9 million shares of Series A Liberty Interactive common stock for approximately $85 million through April 30, 2014) and additional investments in existing or new businesses. We also may be required to make net payments of income tax liabilities to settle items under discussion with tax authorities. We expect that cash on hand and cash provided by operating activities and borrowing capacity in future periods will be sufficient to fund projected uses of cash.


I- 27



Results of Operations—Businesses
QVC. QVC, Inc. is a retailer of a wide range of consumer products, which are marketed and sold primarily by merchandise‑focused televised shopping programs, the Internet and mobile applications. In the United States, QVC's live programming is distributed via its nationally televised shopping program 24 hours per day, 364 days per year ("QVC-U.S."). Internationally, QVC's program services are based in Japan ("QVC-Japan"), Germany ("QVC-Germany"), the United Kingdom ("QVC-U.K.") and Italy ("QVC-Italy"). QVC-Japan distributes live programming 24 hours per day, QVC-Germany distributes its program 24 hours per day with 17 hours of live programming and QVC-U.K. distributes its program 24 hours per day with 17 hours of live programming. QVC-Italy distributes programming live for 17 hours per day on satellite and digital terrestrial television and an additional seven hours per day of recorded programming on satellite and seven hours per day of general interest programming on digital terrestrial television.
QVC also has a joint venture with China Broadcasting Corporation, a limited liability company owned by China National Radio (''CNR''), with a 49% interest in a CNR subsidiary, CNR Home Shopping Co., Ltd. (''CNRS''). CNRS distributes live programming for 15 hours per day and recorded programming for nine hours per day. This joint venture is accounted for as an equity method investment.
On April 16, 2014, QVC announced plans to expand its global presence into France. Similar to its other markets, QVC plans to offer a highly immersive digital shopping experience, with strong integration across e-commerce, TV, mobile and social platforms, with the launch scheduled for the second quarter of 2015.
QVC's operating results were as follows:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Net revenue
$
1,986

 
1,974

Costs of goods sold
1,256

 
1,252

Gross profit
730

 
722

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Operating
178

 
173

SG&A expenses (excluding stock-based compensation)
140

 
145

Adjusted OIBDA
412

 
404

Stock-based compensation
8

 
10

Depreciation
33

 
30

Amortization of intangible assets
111

 
104

Operating income
$
260

 
260


Net revenue was generated in the following geographical areas:

 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
QVC-U.S.
$
1,305

 
1,297

QVC-Japan
234

 
256

QVC-Germany
250

 
250

QVC-U.K.
165

 
140

QVC-Italy
32

 
31

Consolidated QVC
$
1,986

 
1,974


QVC's consolidated net revenue increased 0.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2014 as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year. The increase in net revenue was primarily comprised of $24 million due to a 1.1% increase in consolidated average selling price per unit ("ASP") and a decrease in estimated product returns in Germany of $12 million. These amounts were partially offset by a $20 million increase in estimated product returns in the U.S. The decrease in estimated product returns in Germany was primarily due to changes in prior period estimates based on actual experience, and to a lesser extent, lower rates in all categories except electronics. The increase in the


I- 28



U.S. was primarily due to higher rates in electronics, home and accessories. Consolidated returns as a percent of gross product revenue was 20.1% compared to 19.9% in the prior year as a result of the above mentioned factors. Additionally, net revenue was negatively impacted by $6 million in unfavorable foreign currency rates due to declines in the value of the Japanese Yen, which was partially offset by favorable foreign currency rates in the other markets.
During the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, the changes in revenue and expenses were affected by changes in the exchange rates for the Japanese Yen, the Euro and the U.K. Pound Sterling. In the event the U.S. Dollar strengthens against these foreign currencies in the future, QVC's revenue and operating cash flow will be negatively affected.
The percentage increase (decrease) in net revenue for each of QVC's geographic areas in U.S. Dollars and in local currency was as follows:
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2014
 
U.S. Dollars
 
Local currency
QVC-U.S.
0.6
 %
 
0.6
 %
QVC-Japan
(8.6
)%
 
1.6
 %
QVC-Germany
 %
 
(3.9
)%
QVC-U.K.
17.9
 %
 
10.3
 %
QVC-Italy
3.2
 %
 
2.5
 %

QVC-U.S. net revenue growth was primarily due to a 1.2% increase in units shipped and a 0.6% increase in ASP, partially offset by the increase in estimated product returns as discussed in the above paragraph. QVC-U.S. experienced shipped sales growth in all categories except electronics. QVC-Japan's shipped sales in local currency improved primarily in the jewelry, home and beauty categories, partially offset by declines in accessories. QVC-Germany's shipped sales in local currency declined in all categories, partially offset by a decrease in estimated product returns as discussed in the above paragraph. QVC-U.K.'s shipped sales growth in local currency was primarily the result of increased sales in the home, beauty and accessories categories. QVC-Italy's shipped sales in local currency improved primarily in the beauty and accessories categories, partially offset by declines in home.
QVC's future net revenue growth will primarily depend on international expansion, sales growth from e-commerce and mobile platforms, additions of new customers from households already receiving QVC's television programming and increased spending from existing customers. QVC's future net revenue may also be affected by (i) the willingness of cable television and direct-to-home satellite system operators to continue carrying QVC's programming service; (ii) QVC's ability to maintain favorable channel positioning, which may become more difficult due to governmental action or from distributors converting analog customers to digital; (iii) changes in television viewing habits because of personal video recorders, video-on-demand and Internet video services; and (iv) general economic conditions.

QVC's gross profit percentage was 36.8% and 36.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in gross profit percentage was primarily due to higher product margins in the U.S. and the U.K.

QVC's operating expenses are principally comprised of commissions, order processing and customer service expenses, credit card processing fees, telecommunications expenses and production costs. Operating expenses increased $5 million or 2.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The increase was primarily due to a $3 million increase in commissions expense as a result of higher programming distribution expenses in Japan.

QVC's SG&A expenses include personnel, information technology, provision for doubtful accounts, credit card income and marketing and advertising expenses. Such expenses decreased $5 million, and as a percent of net revenue, from 7.3% to 7.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2014 due to a variety of factors. The variance was primarily due to a $9 million decrease in personnel expenses due to a decrease in U.S. bonus expense and a prior year personnel tax accrual in Germany. This amount was offset by an increase of $5 million in U.S. marketing expenses primarily as a result of online campaigns.




I- 29



Depreciation and amortization consisted of the following:
    
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2014
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Affiliate agreements
$
38

 
38

Customer relationships
43

 
43

Acquisition related amortization
81

 
81

Property and equipment
33

 
30

Software amortization
21

 
19

Channel placement amortization and related expenses
9

 
4

Total depreciation and amortization
$
144

 
134


TripAdvisor, Inc. Our economic ownership interest in TripAdvisor is 22% but Liberty's results include the consolidation of TripAdvisor's entire operations with 78% of TripAdvisor's net income (loss), including purchase accounting adjustments, being attributed to the noncontrolling interest in such line item in the condensed consolidated statement of operations. TripAdvisor is a separate publicly traded company and additional information about TripAdvisor can be obtained through its website and its public filings. We believe a discussion of TripAdvisor's stand alone results promotes a better understanding of overall results of their business. TripAdvisor's revenue, Adjusted OIBDA and operating income on a standalone basis for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 were as follows (see tables below for a reconciliation of TripAdvisor's standalone results to those amounts reported by Liberty):
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
amounts in millions
Revenue
$
281

 
230

Operating expense
40

 
26

SG&A
119

 
95

Adjusted OIBDA
122

 
109

Stock-based compensation
14

 
14

Depreciation and amortization
12

 
7

Operating income (loss) as reported by TripAdvisor
$
96

 
88


Revenue
Revenue increased $51 million during the three months ended March 31, 2014 when compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to an increase in click-based advertising revenue of $28 million. The primary driver of the increase in click-based advertising revenue was an increase in hotel shoppers, which refers to users who view a listing of hotels in a city or visitors who view a specific hotel page as tracked by TripAdvisor, of 14% and an increase in revenue per hotel shopper of 1% for the three months ended March 31, 2014. Display-based advertising increased by $7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2014, primarily as a result of a 30% increase in the number of impressions sold due to increased sales productivity coupled with TripAdvisor's Delayed Ad Call product and worldwide growth particularly in emerging markets when compared to the same period in 2013, partially offset by a 1% decrease in pricing for the three months ended March 31, 2014. Subscription, transaction and other revenue increased by $16 million during the three months ended March 31, 2014, primarily due to growth in TripAdvisor's Business Listings and Vacation Rentals products.



I- 30



Adjusted OIBDA
Operating expense
The most significant driver of operating expense is technology and content costs which increased $9 million or 31% during the three months ended March 31, 2014 when compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to increased personnel costs from increased headcount to support business growth, including international expansion, enhanced site features and additional personnel costs related to employees acquired through recent business acquisitions.

Selling, general and administrative
Direct sales and marketing costs increased $13 million or 25% during the three months ended March 31, 2014 when compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to increased search engine marketing costs and other traffic acquisition costs, partially offset by a decrease in spending in social media and brand advertising costs. Personnel and overhead costs increased $9 million or 32% during the three months ended March 31, 2014 when compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to an increase in headcount to support business growth, including international expansion and employees acquired through recent business acquisitions.

General and administrative costs increased $3 million or 13% during the three months ended March 31, 2014, when compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to increased personnel costs from increased headcount to support business growth.

Operating Income (Loss)
Operating income was impacted by the above explanations impacting Adjusted OIBDA in addition to an increase in the depreciation on property and equipment and amortization of intangible assets, acquired in recent acquisitions, during the three months ended March 31, 2014, on a standalone basis as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year. The increase in operating income on a consolidated basis (as reconciled below) was the result of a decrease in amortization associated with purchase accounting adjustments due the anticipated utilization of such intangibles acquired.

The following is a reconciliation of the results as reported by TripAdvisor, used for comparison purposes as discussed above, for a greater understanding of the standalone operations of TripAdvisor to the results reported by Liberty (amounts in millions):
 
 
Three months ended March 31, 2014
 
 
As Reported By
 
Purchase Accounting
 
As Reported
 
 
TripAdvisor
 
Adjustments
 
By Liberty
Revenue
 
$
281

 

 
281

Operating expense
 
40

 

 
40

SG&A
 
119

 

 
119

Adjusted OIBDA
 
122

 

 
122

Stock-based compensation
 
14

 
3

 
17

Depreciation and amortization
 
12

 
57

 
69

Operating income (loss)
 
$
96

 
(60
)
 
36

 
 
Three months ended March 31, 2013
 
 
As Reported By
 
Purchase Accounting
 
As Reported
 
 
TripAdvisor
 
Adjustments
 
By Liberty
Revenue
 
$
230

 

 
230

Operating expense
 
26

 

 
26

SG&A
 
95

 

 
95

Adjusted OIBDA
 
109

 

 
109

Stock-based compensation
 
14

 
3

 
17

Depreciation and amortization
 
7

 
70

 
77

Operating income (loss)
 
$
88

 
(73
)
 
15



I- 31



E-commerce businesses.    Our E-commerce businesses are comprised primarily of Provide, Backcountry, Bodybuilding, Celebrate and CommerceHub. Revenue for the E-commerce businesses is seasonal due to certain holidays and seasons, which drive a significant portion of the e-commerce businesses' revenue. The third quarter is generally lower, as compared to the other three quarters, due to fewer holidays.
Revenue was flat for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year. Certain operational issues primarily delivery issues as a result of inclement weather around Valentine's Day contributed to a decrease in revenue for the current period related to the Provide business. Backcountry and Bodybuilding both had lower than anticipated revenue growth due to sluggish first quarter demand for their products and lower average order value.
Adjusted OIBDA for the E-commerce businesses decreased $16 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year, representing 5.0% of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to 8.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The decrease in Adjusted OIBDA as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year, was due to increased technology and personnel costs at these subsidiaries to support anticipated revenue growth which did not materialize in the first quarter, slightly lower product margins, somewhat due to increased packaging costs, during the period and increased marketing spend in the first quarter that did not yield anticipated sales.
Operating income decreased $20 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year. The decrease in operating income was primarily attributable to the items discussed above as well as higher stock based compensation during the period and slightly higher amortization and depreciation.
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.
We are exposed to market risk in the normal course of business due to our ongoing investing and financial activities and the conduct of operations by our subsidiaries in different foreign countries. Market risk refers to the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in stock prices, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. The risk of loss can be assessed from the perspective of adverse changes in fair values, cash flows and future earnings. We have established policies, procedures and internal processes governing our management of market risks and the use of financial instruments to manage our exposure to such risks.
We are exposed to changes in interest rates primarily as a result of our borrowing and investment activities, which include investments in fixed and floating rate debt instruments and borrowings used to maintain liquidity and to fund business operations. The nature and amount of our long-term and short-term debt are expected to vary as a result of future requirements, market conditions and other factors. We manage our exposure to interest rates by maintaining what we believe is an appropriate mix of fixed and variable rate debt. We believe this best protects us from interest rate risk. We have achieved this mix by (i) issuing fixed rate debt that we believe has a low stated interest rate and significant term to maturity, (ii) issuing variable rate debt with appropriate maturities and interest rates and (iii) entering into interest rate swap arrangements when we deem appropriate. As of March 31, 2014, our debt is comprised of the following amounts:
 
Variable rate debt
 
Fixed rate debt
 
Principal
amount
 
Weighted average
interest rate
 
Principal
amount
 
Weighted average
interest rate
 
dollar amounts in millions
Liberty Interactive
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    QVC
$
124

 
1.9
%
 
$
3,895

 
5.5
%
    Corporate and other
$
56

 
2.5
%
 
$
1,204

 
5.9
%
Liberty Ventures
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TripAdvisor
$
361

 
2.0
%
 
$

 
%
    Corporate and other
$

 
%
 
$
2,086

 
2.5
%


I- 32



We are exposed to changes in stock prices primarily as a result of our significant holdings in publicly traded securities. We continually monitor changes in stock markets, in general, and changes in the stock prices of our holdings, specifically. We believe that changes in stock prices can be expected to vary as a result of general market conditions, technological changes, specific industry changes and other factors. We periodically use equity collars and other financial instruments to manage market risk associated with certain investment positions. These instruments are recorded at fair value based on option pricing models.
At March 31, 2014, the fair value of our AFS equity securities was $1,470 million. Had the market price of such securities been 10% lower at March 31, 2014, the aggregate value of such securities would have been $147 million lower. Our investments in Expedia and HSN, Inc. are publicly traded securities and are accounted for as equity method affiliates, which are not reflected at fair value in our balance sheet. The aggregate fair value of such securities was $2,869 million at March 31, 2014 and had the market price of such securities been 10% lower at March 31, 2014, the aggregate value of such securities would have been $287 million lower. Such changes in value are not directly reflected in our statement of operations. Additionally, our exchangeable senior debentures are also subject to market risk. Because we mark these instruments to fair value each reporting date, increases in the stock price of the respective underlying security and increases in interest rates generally result in higher liabilities and unrealized losses in our statement of operations.
Liberty is exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations related primarily to the monetary assets and liabilities and the financial results of QVC's foreign subsidiaries. Assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries for which the functional currency is the local currency are translated into U.S. dollars at period-end exchange rates, and the statements of operations are generally translated at the average exchange rate for the period. Exchange rate fluctuations on translating foreign currency financial statements into U.S. dollars that result in unrealized gains or losses are referred to as translation adjustments. Cumulative translation adjustments are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss) as a separate component of stockholders' equity. Transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are recorded based on exchange rates at the time such transactions arise. Subsequent changes in exchange rates result in transaction gains and losses, which are reflected in income as unrealized (based on period-end translations) or realized upon settlement of the transactions. Cash flows from our operations in foreign countries are translated at the average rate for the period. Accordingly, Liberty may experience economic loss and a negative impact on earnings and equity with respect to our holdings solely as a result of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.
We periodically assess the effectiveness of our derivative financial instruments. With regard to interest rate swaps, we monitor the fair value of interest rate swaps as well as the effective interest rate the interest rate swap yields, in comparison to historical interest rate trends. We believe that any losses incurred with regard to interest rate swaps would be largely offset by the effects of interest rate movements on the underlying debt facilities. These measures allow our management to evaluate the success of our use of derivative instruments and to determine when to enter into or exit from derivative instruments.
Item 4.Controls and Procedures.
In accordance with Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), the Company carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of management, including its chief executive officer and its principal accounting and financial officer (the "Executives"), of the effectiveness of its disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Executives concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2014 to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in its reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms.
There has been no change in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2014 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.


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PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Share Repurchase Programs
On several occasions our board of directors has authorized a share repurchase program for our Series A and Series B Liberty Interactive common stock. On each of May 5, 2006, November 3, 2006 and October 30, 2007 our board authorized the repurchase of $1 billion of Series A and Series B Liberty Interactive common stock for a total of $3 billion. These previous authorizations remained effective following the LMC Split-Off, notwithstanding the fact that the Liberty Interactive common stock ceased to be a tracking stock during the period following the LMC Split-Off and prior to the creation of our Liberty Ventures common stock in August 2012. On February 22, 2012 the board authorized the repurchase of an additional $700 million of Series A and Series B Liberty Interactive common stock. Additionally, on each of October 30, 2012 and February 27, 2014, the board authorized the repurchase of an additional $1 billion of Series A and Series B Liberty Interactive common stock.
A summary of the repurchase activity for the three months ended March 31, 2014 is as follows:
 
Series A Liberty Interactive Common Stock
Period
(a) Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
 
(b) Average
Price Paid per
Share